The chloroplast is an organelle found in plant cells that is responsible for photosynthesis. It contains chlorophyll, a pigment that captures light energy and converts it into chemical energy through a series of complex biochemical reactions. During photosynthesis, the chloroplast takes in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and water from the roots, using sunlight as an energy source to produce glucose and release oxygen as a byproduct. This process is vital for plant growth and survival. The chloroplast's structure includes a double membrane, thylakoid membranes, and a fluid-filled stroma. It plays a crucial role in the overall functioning of plants and the Earth's oxygen production.
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